Safety advice for chimneys
Every year Devon & Somerset Fire & Rescue Service attend hundreds of chimney fires which cost £250,000 a year. You can help us reduce this amount by reading the following safety advice to help you reduce the risk of your chimney catching fire.
Preventing chimney fires
Regular cleaning of your chimney or flues will eliminate the build-up of soot and clear obstructions such as bird or animal nests, leaves and debris. You will also reduce emissions into the atmosphere by assisting the complete combustion of fuel. It is not sufficient to use a vacuum cleaner. You should ensure your chimney flue is inspected regularly to prevent fires breaking out.
The most common cause of chimney fires are:
• Infrequent sweeping and cleaning
• Burning unseasoned wood
• Improper appliance sizing
• Overnight burning or smouldering wood for long periods in wood stoves.
It is important that if you are burning wood that it is dry and well-seasoned, this means that it has 20% or less moisture content. A well-seasoned log will have drying out splits in the ends. You can also use a moisture gage, which are available from hardware stores, to tell you exactly how much moisture your wood contains. It is a good idea to buy your wood at the beginning of the summer and store it outside where it can be exposed to the wind and sun and protected from direct rainfall. Burning wet, newly-felled or coniferous wood can cause tar or creosote to form in the wood burner and chimney which can be hazardous.
• Have your chimney swept before lighting the first fire of winter.
• Always place a fireguard around the fire.
• Do not overload the grate or build fires too high.
• Dispose of ash appropriately.
• Do not dry or air clothes on a fireguard.
• Ensure fires are extinguished before you go to bed.
• Never use petrol or paraffin to light your fire.
• The stove or boiler should be installed and regularly serviced by a competent engineer.
• It is important to use the correct size stove for your room. One that is too large will not get hot enough to burn all the fuel in the wood and un-burnt fuel will pass up the chimney as smoke and cause creosote, which is highly flammable, to form on the inside of the flue or chimney.
• Ensure the room is well ventilated.